All existing general fire safety rules at school today are a set of measures that are developed by government bodies, as well as the administrative apparatus of the institution itself. The purpose of this set of rules is the most complete protection of students, school workers, personal and school property from fire.
The complex of fire safety measures at the school includes several areas of work at once:
- purchase and maintenance of fire extinguishing means: fire extinguishers, sandboxes, etc .;
- installation of an alarm system that will automatically detect a fire in automatic mode;
- school equipment with an “alarm system” that can be activated in case of fire;
- the availability and operability of exits for evacuation;
- information stands with visual information on fire prevention;
- conducting systematic work with school workers and students on the topic of fire safety. For this, special instructions are being developed for the fire safety rules at school.
Full responsibility for compliance with the rules lies with its head (director) and his deputies. Moreover, personal responsibility also lies with the heads of offices and production workshops.
Fire safety at school
The school administration has a responsibility to ensure that the rules are properly enforced, as well as to regularly monitor that school workers and students comply with their school and school hours.
The fire safety measures that must be constantly implemented on the school grounds include the following measures:
- The prompt elimination of any factors that may provoke a fire;
- Strict adherence to the schedule, conducting briefings aimed at updating knowledge on fire safety;
- Development and approval of an evacuation plan, and measures to alert students and school workers in case of fire;
- A clear distribution of responsibilities of school workers in case of fire;
- The assignment to certain school workers of persons who will be responsible for fire safety during various events: rulers, school evenings, concerts, etc.
Teaching children the rules of fire safety
The systematic training of children in fire safety rules at school begins even from elementary grades. Children are given initial ideas of what fire is, for what purpose it is used and why it is dangerous. Basic knowledge is laid about the rules for handling fire, as well as what should be done during a fire. Since the kids are still not able to absorb a large amount of verbal information, teachers on this topic often conduct in a playful way, as well as arrange excursions to the fire department. Also, schoolchildren are shown training filmstrips and videos from which they can understand the main causes of fires, as well as how to escape from the fire.
Thus, all teaching children the rules of fire safety for younger students comes down to the fact that they are instilled with a few simple rules:
- matches cannot be taken and used;
- it is unacceptable to play near bonfires or hot objects;
- over a fire or heaters you can not dry things;
- bonfires without adults are prohibited;
- do not leave unattended electrical appliances on;
- to call, scream and in every possible way to attract the attention of adults if a fire has been detected.
The basic set of fire rules for students is as follows:
- the main signs of a fire in the form of smoke or a sharp smell of burning indicate that you need to carefully listen to the teacher, who objectively assesses the situation, and is involved in ensuring the safety of children;
- in no case do not succumb to any panic;
- leave the premises and school building quickly, but not on the run, to avoid falls and crush;
- after the school building has been abandoned, you must follow the teacher, who will soon roll over all the students in your class.
So, we have given fire safety rules in secondary schools, which are the basis and outcome of the training of schoolchildren.
Having formulated the basic rules of fire safety at school for students, which they learn in the learning process. It must be emphasized that full-fledged fire safety in this case is not just a set of some rules that you just need to learn. It is the responsibility of teachers and parents to carefully monitor that all students learn these rules and use them in everyday life.
Children are not just taught them and raised, instilling in them the skills to handle fire properly, telling and showing how to behave in a fire, and what actions should never be taken.